The Project

General Objective
- Obtaining characterization data of the waste production
- Mapping technologies, landfilling sites, collection methods
- Correlating with the mitigation of GHGs
- Defining empowerment activities and the legislative framework
- Creating an environmental awareness campaign
- Elaborating a project to demonstrate the operationalization of the waste management strategy

Need to define a strategy for the waste sector in Cape Verde.
The Project is funded by the Portuguese Environmental Fund and has the support of the Portuguese Cooperation through the Camões Institute of Cooperation and Language, and the Portuguese Environment Agency.

The Road Map Waste project in Cape Verde has a National coverage and aims to build a national strategy for Waste Management in Cape Verde, as well as propose and plan the implementation of the best technologies available for each Island/Municipality, having the following objective:
- improving the living conditions of the populations considered
- protecting the environment
- mitigating climate change.
The overall goal of the ongoing project is to promote environmental sustainability, with the development of the Roadmap for waste management in Cape Verde being envisaged in two stages.

FINAL GOAL: Develop the Waste Management National Strategy.
Characterize: waste production and landfilling
Understand: management techniques, technologies, sites, collection and treatment, agents involved, deficiencies and opportunities
Review: legislative, institutional and normative support framework
Propose: strategic lines of the country for the waste management
Empower: preparation of local and institutional technicians to monitor and implement GHG emission reduction projects
Educate: populations and producers
Empower: institutional staff and agents of change
Demonstrate: operationalization of the National Strategy through Operational Plans for the islands
Promote: compliance with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Ensure: the reduction of emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) associated with the landfilling of waste
The project will be developed in two stages.

In the 1st stage: Development of the general diagnosis, identification and assessment of acting measures, and development of the National Waste Management Strategy document: Waste RoadMap.

In the 2nd stage: Demonstration of the operationalization of the National Waste Strategy through the design and creation of Operational Plans aimed at the local/regional reality.
Characterize the waste production, as well as the entire existing waste management process, thus allowing to establish the planning instrument, NSPWMP. Enable the technical staff to educate the population in the area of waste management and climate change.

Develop the operational plans for five islands.




- 22 municipalities of the country have been characterized
- 17 official (Municipal) landfilling sites have been characterized
- 153 uncontrolled landfilling sites have been identified, visited and characterized
- An average of 5 waste collection circuits per municipality were characterized, representing the coverage achieved by each municipality (geo-referencing)
- 104 waste samplings were made, including weighing, characterizing and determining its composition
- A total of 33 ton and 296 m3 of waste was sampled
- 22 surveys were made to municipal management
- 16 Primary Health Care Centres, 2 Regional Hospitals and 2 Central Hospitals were surveyed
- 62 companies were approached and surveyed covering the main areas of activity present in the Country
- 31 individuals with activities in the informal market were surveyed
Publication of the NSPWMP

- Approved unreservedly by the Council of Ministers on 2 March, 2016
- Published on 21 April, 2016, in the Official Gazette, 1st Series, no. 30
- Annex of Decree-Law no. 32/2016, of 21 April
- Accompanied by the original document and an additional characterization Volume

- 4 socialization campaign of the Plan were made in Santiago, S. Vicente, Sal and Fogo, with the presence of the municipalities of the 9 islands
- 92 public entities and private bodies were represented

- Organization of a Main Empowering Activity for the technical institutional staff
- Participation of 37 trainees
- Engagement of central and local administration, and civil society technicians
- Participation of staff from several areas, such as environment and sanitation, education, health, inspection and customs, among others
Awareness Campaign
Addressees: Agents of change: Municipal Technicians, Teachers, Health technicians, entrepreneurs, public institutions with a role in the sector

Awareness Kit
- Awareness Handbook
- Information Leaflets (general population)
- Information Leaflets (companies)
- Awareness Posters
- Video (younger audience)
- Advertising report
Awareness Actions
Actions were carried out with 392 participants from 140 organizations (state and non-state actors, namely, non-governmental organizations - NGOs, civic action associations, youth groups, and other socially relevant entities). The main objectives were:
- Understand the current context of waste in the country
- To take advantage of basic concepts in awareness
- Define an awareness strategy and implement concrete activities to change behaviors in waste management
Characterization update

- Integral characterization of 47 waste collection routes: time, periodicity, human resources and equipment, number of collection points and their typology, volumes collected, main constraints
- In situ georeferencing of the 47 collection routes with a total length of approximately 2702 km. Data analysis and production of GIS themes
- Georeferencing of 10 dump sites and 10 waste collection vehicle parks
- Conducting semi-structured interviews in each municipality and with different stakeholders
- Physical-chemical characterization of 12 representative samples of all municipalities and of all types of waste present
Development of the Operational Plans

- Development of operational plans for the islands of S. Vicente, Sal, Santo Antão, Fogo and Brava
- Analytical description of the existing operational structure in human and material resources, associated with waste management
- Operational model optimization proposal
- Proposal of the operational structure of waste management for the island, including collection and treatment system
- Analysis of the existing tariff model and its regulation / applicability and proposals for optimization of the tariff system
Strategic Environmental Assessment

- Development of a Strategic Environmental Assessment process for each island's action plan
- 5 Critical Decision Factors have been identified, which are the target of analysis in the framework of the SEA:
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Socioeconomic Development
  • Risks and Climate Change
  • Citizenchip and Waste Management Awareness
  • Governance
- Visits were made to relevant sites in the various municipalities, as well as surveys and bibliographic compilation of data.
- Several entities with environmental intervention in the country were identified and invited to comment on the project.


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